De meeste Amerikanen dachten dat Spaanse missionarissen de wijn naar de Verenigde Staten hadden gebracht. Maar archeologische vondsten in centraal Texas wijzen erop dat er vijf eeuwen terug al Amerikaanse wijn moet zijn geweest, nog voordat Europese kolonisten daar hun entree maakten. Wine Spectator meldt:
When does the history of wine in America begin? Most of us think of Spanish missionaries, a smattering of Virginians and Thomas Jefferson "pioneering" viticulture, or attempting to. But intriguing new research from archaeological sites in central Texas is the first to suggest that, actually, indigenous Americans were making grape wine more than 500 years ago, before European colonists brought their guns, germs and vines over. Recent analysis of chemical residue on pottery found at six sites turned up evidence of caffeinated beverages—and suggested the presence of grape wine.
“I am incredibly excited by this discovery,” Dr. Crystal Dozier, an anthropological archaeologist and assistant professor at Wichita State University, told Unfiltered via email. “This is brand new knowledge about indigenous Native Americans—specifically what they were drinking over 500 years ago.” Dozier's findings were published last month in the Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports under the title “Chemical Residue Evidence in Leon Plain Pottery from the Toyah Phase (1300-1650 C.E.) in the American Southern Plains,” co-authored with Drs. Doyong Kim and David Russell.